of 81The most famous building of the Roman Empire is probably the Colosseum. The building accommodated more than 55,000 spectators and was home to many games featuring gladiators and wild animals.
of 81The largest church in the world, this great building with Michelangelo's impressive dome is the center of Christianity. The opulent interior bears testimony to the wealth of the Catholic church in the 16th and 17th century.
of 81The Pantheon was built in 118 AD by Emperor Hadrian as a temple for all pagan gods. The building's immense dome was the largest dome in the world for more than 13 centuries.
of 81Rome's most spectacular fountain is the Fontana del Trevi or Trevi Fountain. The large 18th century fountain occupies a small square which is usually packed with tourists.
of 81As the de facto heart of Ancient Rome, the Forum boasted plenty of temples, arches and basilicas. Most are now reduced to rubble but with some imagination you can see the Roman Empire come back to life.
of 81The Circus Maximus was an arena specially built for the wildly popular chariot races. The largest stadium in ancient Rome, it had a seating capacity of over 250,000 people.
of 81The long Navona square follows the oval shape of the former Domitian stadium. It contains no less than three beautiful fountains, built during the 16th and 17th century.
of 81The Piazza di Spagna is one of the most popular tourist locations in Rome. The famous Spanish Steps lead from the square to the Trinità dei Monti, a beautiful French church.
of 81This museum complex houses one of the world's most important collections brought together by popes over a period of four centuries, with the Sistine Chapel as its largest crowd puller.
of 81According to Roman mythology, Romulus founded the city of Rome on this hill in 800 BC after he slayed his twin brother Remus. Centuries later Rome's emperors built expansive palaces on the hill.
of 81Vatican City or 'Holy See' - the world's smallest state - is completely enclosed by the city of Rome. It encorporates the St. Peter's Basilica as well as the Vatican Museums and adjacent gardens.
of 81The Baths of Caracalla was the largest thermae in the world when it opened in 217 AD. More than 1600 people could be accommodated in this Roman version of a leisure center.
of 81Trajan's Forum was built between 106 and 113 AD as the last and greatest of the Imperial Forums. The complex included a basilica, two libraries as well as a column and a temple dedicated to Trajan.
of 81Villa Borghese, located just north of the Spanish Steps, is the largest public park in Rome. Created in the early 17th century, it features a lake, temples, fountains, statues and several museums.
of 81This enormous monument honors Italy's first king, Victor Emmanuel II. It was built on a slope of the Capitoline Hill, at the heart of the city. The monument was inaugurated in 1911, 50 years after the unification of Italy.
of 81The Capitoline Hill was the political and religious center of the Roman Empire. Here stood the majestic Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, one of the most important temples of the antiquity.
of 81The Arch of Titus is one of two remaining arches on the Forum Romanum. It was built between 81 and 85 AD to commemorate the capture of Jerusalem over the Jewish Zealots.
of 81Via Appia Antica or the Appian Way is the most famous of the many roads that radiated from Rome. It was built in 312 BC and led all the way to Brindisi in the southeast of Italy.
of 81Castel Sant'Angelo was originally built in 123 AD by Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum, but it was later turned into a fortified castle used by the papacy as a refuge in case of danger.
of 81In 113 AD a 42m (138ft) tall column was erected in honor of Emperor Trajan. A long winding band of reliefs on the column depicts the victories of Emperor Trajan in the Dacian Wars.
of 81What was started by Caesar as an extension of the Roman Forum became the city's most important political and economical center with temples, public squares, libraries, markets and a basilica.
of 81Piazza del Popolo is a large oval square near the Borghese park. In the middle of the square stands a 3300 year old obelisk taken from the Sun Temple in Egypt by Emperor Augustus.
of 81The Arch of Constantine, located right next to the Colosseum, is the largest of the remaining Roman triumphal arches. It was built in 315 AD after Constantine's surprising victory over Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge.
of 81Once the center of Catholicism, the Basilica of St. John Lateran is now the cathedral where the pope officiates as bishop of Rome. Inside you'll find twelve colossal statues of the apostles.
of 81This elliptical piazza was created in the 17th century by the renowned sculptor and architect Bernini as a grand entrance to the St. Peter's Basilica. The Egyptian obelisk at the center of the square was installed earlier, in 1586.
of 81The Mouth of Truth is a famous marble disc in the shape of an enormous face. According to a medieval legend, the mouth would close if someone put their hand in it and tell a lie, so it was used as some kind of lie detector.
of 81Piazza Venezia is a central square in Rome, surrounded by several landmark buildings, including Palazzo Venezia and the Vittoriano Monument, honoring Italy's first king.
of 81The Roman equivalent of today's modern shopping mall, this 2nd century complex housed 150 shops, warehouses and offices. Unlike the adjacent Forum of Trajan, the markets are relatively well preserved.
of 81Piazza del Campidoglio is a central square in Rome, laid out after designs by Michelangelo. The Renaissance facades of the surrounding buildings were also designed by the Italian master.
of 81The Theater of Marcellus was conceived by Julius Caesar but eventually built by Emperor Augustus in 13 BC. It was the largest theater in ancient Rome, seating more than 12,000 spectators.
of 81The Fountain of the Four Rivers is the centerpiece of the Navona Square. The acclaimed design by Bernini shows four large figures, allegorical representations of what were considered the four greatest rivers in the world.
of 81The Ara Pacis (Altar of Peace) was built by Emperor Augustus in 9 BC after the conquest of Gaul and Hispania. The altar was one of Rome's most important monuments.
of 81The Basilica of Saint Mary Major is one of Rome's four papal basilicas and the largest church in the city dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The church was built in the fifth century.
of 81During the Middle Ages, this was one of Rome's busiest squares. Today the Campo de' Fiori is still a lively square thanks in part to its daily market. A statue at the center commemorates one of many people executed here.
of 81One of Rome's best museums, spread over two palazzos standing on either side of the Campidoglio Square. The museums boast a large collection of Roman sculpture as well as a picture gallery.
of 81The Palazzo Doria Pamphilj is a large palace in the center of Rome, home to one of the city's most famous art galleries: the Galleria Doria Pamphilj. The palazzo has opulently decorated rooms and is worth a visit on its own.
of 81The Arch of Septimius Severus was built in 203 AD as a triumphal arch to commemorate the victories of Emperor Severus in Parthia. It is one of the best preserved monuments on the Forum Romanum.
of 81The Church of San Pietro in Vincoli (St. Peter in Chains) is named for the chains that held St. Peter when he was imprisoned. The church is best known for Michelangelo's famous statue of Moses.
of 81The Aurelian Wall was built in the third century AD to defend Rome against the ever growing threat of Germanic tribes invading the Roman Empire. About two-thirds of this nineteen km (12 mile) long wall is still intact.
of 81EUR is modern district in Rome, originally created in the 1930s for the cancelled World Exposition of 1942. It was built as a showcase of Fascist architecture, most of which can still be seen today.
of 81This luxurious and expansive countryside residence near Tivoli was built by emperor Hadrian from 118 until 133 AD. The enormous estate contains temples, theatres, thermae and other historic buildings.
of 81This 36 meter tall pyramid was built by praetor Caius Cestius as his tomb. It was built about a decade after the Roman Empire had conquered Egypt and all things Egyptian had become in vogue.
of 81In 28 BC Emperor Augustus built a large mausoleum in white marble. The ashes of many members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, including those of emperors Augustus, Tiberius and Claudius were deposited here.
of 81A winding road leads from the Piazza del Popolo to these gardens on top of the Pincio Hill. The gardens feature a couple of attractions such as an obelisk and water clock, but it's also popular for its beautiful views over Rome.
of 81The Sistine Chapel, a private chapel in the Vatican, is world famous for its magnificent ceiling painting, a masterpiece of Western art created in the early sixteenth century by Michelangelo.
of 81This church is one of the four major basilicas in Rome. It was originally built in the fourth century and was the largest church in Rome until the completion of the current St. Peter's Basilica.
of 81A long flight of marble steps leads up to this church built on top of the Capitoline Hill. The roots of this church go back to the sixth century, when it was built at the site of the ancient Temple of Juno.
of 81The complex of the Baths of Diocletianus, built in 306, was the largest thermae in all of Ancient Rome. Remains of the baths are now integrated in other structures such as churches and a cloister.
of 81This square near the center of medieval Rome is dominated by the Palazzo Farnese, a magnificent Renaissance palace built in the 16th century for the Farnese family.
of 81Since ancient times this small island in the Tiber River has been associated with health. In 291 BC a temple was built here in honor of Aesculapius, god of Medicine and healing.