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No city in the world equals the history of the Eternal City. Founded 2700 years ago, Rome long reigned as Caput Mundi, or Capital of the World.
Monumental buildings such as the Colosseum are reminiscent of the era when emperors like Nero and Trajan ruled the Roman Empire.
But today's Rome owes much of its attractiveness to the Renaissance period when new squares such as the Piazza del Campidoglio were created and new buildings were constructed including the world's largest church, the Saint Peter's Basilica.
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According to Roman mythology, Romulus founded the city of Rome on this hill in 800 BC after he slayed his twin brother Remus. Centuries later Rome's emperors built expansive palaces on the hill.
The Theater of Marcellus was conceived by Julius Caesar but eventually built by Emperor Augustus in 13 BC. It was the largest theater in ancient Rome, seating more than 12,000 spectators.
The Capitoline Hill was the political and religious center of the Roman Empire. Here stood the majestic Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, one of the most important temples of the antiquity.
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