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No city in the world equals the history of the Eternal City. Founded 2700 years ago, Rome long reigned as Caput Mundi, or Capital of the World.
Monumental buildings such as the Colosseum are reminiscent of the era when emperors like Nero and Trajan ruled the Roman Empire.
But today's Rome owes much of its attractiveness to the Renaissance period when new squares such as the Piazza del Campidoglio were created and new buildings were constructed including the world's largest church, the Saint Peter's Basilica.
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The Pantheon was built in 118 AD by Emperor Hadrian as a temple for all pagan gods. The building's immense dome was the largest dome in the world for more than thirteen centuries.
Vatican City or 'Holy See' - the world's smallest state - is completely enclosed by the city of Rome. It encorporates the St. Peter's Basilica as well as the Vatican Museums and adjacent gardens.
This elliptical piazza was created in the 17th century by the renowned sculptor and architect Bernini as a grand entrance to the St. Peter's Basilica. The Egyptian obelisk at the center of the square was installed earlier, in 1586.
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