São Roque

St. Roch Church
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Church of Sao Roque, Lisbon
São Roque

Chancel of the Sao Roque church in Lisbon
Chancel
The Igreja de São Roque (St. Roch Church) was built in the 16th century by the Jesuits who had a tradition of creating rich interiors, and Lisbon's São Roque church is no exception.
Construction of the church started in 1565 and by 1573 most of the building was complete except for the barrel-vaulted roof that the architect, Alfonso Álvares, had planned. About ten years later however, it was decided to build a flat wooden roof instead. Construction was finally completed in 1588 under the supervision of the royal architect Filipe Térzi.

Jesuits

The church was built for the Jesuits, a very conservative religious order that had a firm grip on the country's education. São Roque is one of the oldest Jesuit churches in the world and the oldest in Portugal.

In 1759 the marquis of Pombal, the enlightened prime minister of king José I, managed to expel the Jesuits from the country and the Church of São Roque was handed over to the Santa Casa da Misericórdia, a Portuguese charity.

A Sumptuous Church

Side Chapels of the Sao Roque church in Lisbon
Side chapels
The exterior of the São Roque is deceptively sober; once you enter through the central portico, you'll be welcomed by an abundance of marble and gilded sculptures, large paintings, gilded woodwork, azulejos and precious relics. The wooden ceiling is richly painted with religious scenes and trompe l'oeil domes.

The church has a single nave, with eight lavishly decorated side chapels. The large altarpiece in the chancel is just as richly decorated with paintings, Corinthian columns and gilded ornaments.
The painted wooden ceiling of the Sao Roque church
The ceiling
The most opulent of the chapels is that of Saint John the Baptist, which was built in Rome and transported by sea to Lisbon where it arrived in 1749.

Museum

Near the entrance is a small museum that occupies part of the former residences of the Jesuits. The museum exhibits religious objects from the 16th and 17th centuries, including vestments and treasures from the Chapel of St. John the Baptist.

Location
Largo de Trindade Coelho, Bairro Alto
4329
lisbon
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