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Athens was founded more than 3500 years ago. The city was at the height of its powers during the fifth century B.C. when its most famous temple, the Parthenon, was constructed.
The city state had a large cultural and political influence on the rest of Europe; it is even considered the birthplace of democracy and the cradle of modern civilisation.
After long periods of occupation Athens regained importance in the 19th century when it became the capital of Greece.
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The monument of Lysicrates is the most famous choragic monument. Those monuments were built by the so-called choregoi, wealthy sponsors of theater groups.
The Roman Agora, a marketplace, was built in the 1st century as the new commercial center of Athens. Bordering the marketplace is the Tower of the Winds, an ancient clock.
The Acropolis is one of the world's most famous landmarks. The magnificent temples on the Acropolis, built in the 5th century BC, have influenced architecture in the Western World for more than two millennia.
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- Duration: 60 minutes