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Athens was founded more than 3500 years ago. The city was at the height of its powers during the fifth century B.C. when its most famous temple, the Parthenon, was constructed.
The city state had a large cultural and political influence on the rest of Europe; it is even considered the birthplace of democracy and the cradle of modern civilisation.
After long periods of occupation Athens regained importance in the 19th century when it became the capital of Greece.
Random Athens Highlights
The Panathenaic Stadium was built in 329 BC as the main site for the games that were held during the Panathenaic festival, held every four years in honor of Athena, patroness of the city.
Monastiraki is named after and old monastery, most of which has been demolished during archaeological excavations. Nearby is the popular open-air flea market, held every Sunday.
The Byzantine Museum has a collection of early Christian, Byzantine and post-Byzantine art from the 3rd to the 20th century. Icons are well represented, but there are many other artworks on display.
Random Athens Tours & Activities
Wine Roads of Greece Private Winery Tour plus Cape Sounion and the Temple of Poseidon Day Trip from Athens
- Duration: 1 day
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- Duration: 11 hours