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Athens was founded more than 3500 years ago. The city was at the height of its powers during the fifth century B.C. when its most famous temple, the Parthenon, was constructed.
The city state had a large cultural and political influence on the rest of Europe; it is even considered the birthplace of democracy and the cradle of modern civilisation.
After long periods of occupation Athens regained importance in the 19th century when it became the capital of Greece.
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The Academy of Athens is considered one of the most beautiful neoclassical buildings in the world. It was constructed between 1859 and 1885 after a design by Danish architect Theophil Hansen.
The Roman emperor Hadrian, who admired Greek culture, commissioned the construction of a large library complex. The large structure, 120 meters in length, opened in 132 AD.
Kermeikos is the site of the ancient cemetery. Many funerary sculptures were discovered here during excavations in the early 20th century. Ruins of two large city gates were also found at this site.
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